Fertility 101

Female Reproductive System

A complex process occurs each month in the female reproductive system, enabling a woman to produce an egg that is capable of being fertilized As such, it is important to understand the role of hormones, the ovaries, and the uterus to help facilitate conception.

Male Reproductive System

This system combines several organs that work together to produce semen and sperm, which are necessary for reproduction. The production of sperm is regulated primarily by hormones. In order to conceive a child, a man must have sufficient healthy sperm that can travel to an egg.

Female Infertility Testing

There are several tests we perform to assess a woman’s fertility, including hormone testing and measurements to predict ovulation. Other tests, such as ultrasonograpy and endometrial biopsy, can identify problems that can impact a woman’s ability to conceive or carry a child.

Male Infertility Testing

We can conduct an in-depth analysis of semen, assessing sperm for shape, strength of movement (motility), interaction with the cervix, and concentration. We may also request laboratory tests to determine hormone levels, which can affect the production of sperm, or a urinalysis to rule out infection.

Causes of Female Infertility

There are many factors that can contribute to or cause female infertility, including the quantity or quality of eggs, issues with the uterus or fallopian tubes, or conditions such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or polyps. Our doctors can help diagnose infertility and offer solutions.

Causes of Male Infertility

The quantity and quality of a man’s sperm contributes to a couple’s ability to conceive. Causes of infertility can be hormonal or related to disease in the testicles. An anatomical obstruction can also interfere with the sperm’s pathway to the egg. Analysis and treatment can offer a solution.

Recurrent Miscarriage

Multiple miscarriages are extremely common: at least one percent of all couples trying to conceive experience recurrent miscarriages. However, this does not mean you cannot conceive. There are many treatment options available, even if the cause of your miscarriages are not understood.

Causes of Miscarriage

The most common cause of miscarriage is a genetic abnormality in the embryo. Sometimes, though, physical complications or health issues can result in a miscarriage, including an abnormally shaped uterus, diabetes, thyroid disease, hormonal problems, or immune conditions.