Understanding Fertility

Rendering of female uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries to help understand infertility

Female Reproductive System

A complex process occurs each month to enable a woman to conceive an embryo and carry a baby to term. In case of a problem, understanding the role of hormones, the ovaries, and the uterus helps you and your doctor work together to facilitate conception.

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Side view rendering of male reproductive system to assess infertility

Male Reproductive System

Similar to the female reproductive system, the male’s production of sperm is regulated primarily by hormones. The amount of normal, healthy sperm ejaculated in semen to fertilize the female egg can effect a couple’s ability to conceive a baby. About 50% of the time a couple's infertility is related to the male partner.

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Young female awaits the results of female infertility testing

Female Infertility Testing

There are many types of tests to assess a woman’s fertility problems. Pacific Fertility Center offers hormone testing and assessments to measure and predict ovulation. Other tests, such as ultrasonograpy and endometrial biopsy, can identify problems that can impact a woman's ability to conceive or carry a baby.

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Young man awaits results of male infertility testing

Male Infertility Testing

Male infertility testing is usually thought of as a simple sperm count, but a complete assessment involves much more than evaluating the volume of sperm in the semen. If a fertility problem is suspected, sperm should be assessed for shape, strength of movement (motility), interaction with the cervix, and other factors.

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Illustration of human egg

Causes of Female Infertility

The female reproductive system is complex, and there are many factors that can contribute to or cause infertility. The cause can be related to quantity or quality of eggs, problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes, endometriosis, and more. Our experienced doctors help diagnose infertility and offer solutions.

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Illustration of sperm and egg

Causes of Male Infertility

The quantity and quality of a man’s sperm contributes to a couple's ability to conceive a baby. Causes of infertility can be hormonal or related to disease in the testicles. An obstruction in the anatomy can also interfere with the sperm’s pathway to the egg. Analysis and treatment can resolve some of these problems.

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Woman looking at sonogram of baby with nurse

Treatment Options

There are a wide variety of treatment options available to help overcome infertility. In vitro fertilization is one of the best known techniques, but there are a number of others including intrauterine insemination (IUI), ovulation induction, fertility medications, and tubal reversal to restore fertility.

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Causes of Miscarriage

The most common cause of miscarriage is a genetic abnormality in the embryo. Sometimes, though, a woman’s anatomy or health issues can cause repeated miscarriages. An abnormally shaped uterus is one cause, and there are many others. Pacific Fertility Center can help you understand and treat problems related to miscarriage.

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