Pacific Fertility Center

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: Treatment and Prevention

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a disorder that affects women who are taking injectable hormone medications to stimulate the development of eggs. OHSS may develop in women who undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine insemination, or ovulation induction.

Dr. Vicken Sahakian of Pacific Fertility Center Los Angeles in Los Angeles, CA, provides complete ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome treatment using the safest and most advanced methods. Under her care, this issue can be resolved and you can realize your goal of growing your family.

What is Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS)?

OHSS is a medical condition that can develop as a result of hormonal therapies and medications used to stimulate egg production. Many cases are mild, while others may result in severe illness.

Under normal circumstances, a woman produces one egg per month. Many women who have trouble becoming pregnant may be given medicines to help produce eggs. However, those drugs may overstimulate the ovaries, sometimes resulting in more 20 eggs being produced in one cycle. In addition to the ovaries becoming swollen and painful, fluid may leak to the stomach and chest areas. 

OHSS can develop as a result of hormonal therapies and medications used to stimulate egg production.

Symptoms and Causes of OHSS

Symptoms of OHSS usually begin several days after using injectable medications. While symptoms may range in severity, it is important to seek medical attention for any changes during therapy. Some of the most common symptoms of OHSS include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal bloating or an increase in waist size
  • Stomach cramping
  • Vomiting 
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Tenderness in the area where the ovaries are located
  • Sudden weight gain or weight loss

Severe symptoms of OHSS include:

  • Frequent and painful urination
  • Shortness of breath
  • A “tingling” sensation in the arms or legs
  • Blood clots in the legs

Whether symptoms are mild or severe, you will want to note them and alert your doctor as soon as possible.

Causes of OHSS

The cause is not entirely understood. While doctors continue to investigate the causes of ovarian hyperstimulation, many physicians conclude that having high levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) may be one of them.

Under Dr. Vicken Sahakian's care, this issue can be resolved and you can realize your goal of growing your family.

OHSS Treatments and Prevention

During the usage of fertility drugs, your doctor will continue to monitor your condition. It is imperative that you make your doctor aware of any abnormalities, issues or concerns.

Heightened estrogen levels or large follicles can increase the risk of OHSS.

For mild cases of OHSS you may consider:

  • Taking an over-the-counter medication for the pain
  • Relaxation and rest
  • Avoiding sexual activity or intercourse
  • Avoiding caffeinated beverages
  • Avoiding alcoholic beverages
  • Drinking water and beverages that can replace the electrolytes in your body

Based on your condition, your OHSS can also be treated with medications. In some instances, hospitalization may be required. Your treatment plan will be designed to keep you relaxed and comfortable while decreasing ovarian activity.

It is important to share a complete health history with your doctor in order to address OHSS. The more your health care professional knows, the more treatable your OHSS is.

Contact Dr. Sahakian 

Pacific Fertility Center Los Angeles offers patients world-class OHSS treatments and solutions. Our practice has also assisted with the conception of more than 5,000 babies. If you are struggling to grow your family, or if you are undergoing fertility treatments and experiencing painful or unusual symptoms, request a visit with Dr. Sahakian online or call our location nearest you.

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