There are many questions, fallacies, and realities to in vitro fertilization. Here are ten common in vitro fertilization frequently asked questions to help you and your partner understand the facts and procedures involved.
How prevalent is infertility worldwide?
About 10 to 15% of couples have infertility problems according to the World Health Organization (WHO). That’s approximately 70-80 million people across the world. You’re not alone!
Is infertility primarily a female problem?
This is at the top of many couples’ in vitro fertilization frequently asked questions. The answer is a resounding “no.” As a matter of fact, infertility in women and men is nearly identical. Infertility is exclusively a female problem approximately 30 to 50% of the time, and is exclusively attributed to males in about 30 to 50% of the cases.
Is infertility hereditary?
Genetics can be a factor in determining fertility. There are many conditions, such as endometriosis that affects approximately ten percent of women, which can be passed from mother to daughter to potentially cause tubal infertility. On the male side, DNA abnormalities of the Y chromosome can lead to problems with infertility.
What causes infertility?
This is another common in vitro fertilization frequently asked questions. Couples ask, “Why are we here? Why are we infertile?” We can break it down into female infertility and male infertility. Common female infertility is caused by anatomical abnormalities and problems with the ovaries. Male infertility includes problems with the quantity and quality of sperm production, immunological disorders, and anatomical issues.
What are the treatment options?
In a word: Drugs. It’s not a bad word, though. Most female patients have great success conceiving with oral fertility hormones such as clomiphene citrate. Some will need injectable ones. The treatment of male infertility on the other hand, often requires IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Does infertility treatment have a high success rate?
This is one of the most popular in vitro fertilization frequently asked questions. The answer is a resounding “yes.” The success of treatment has a direct correlation with the woman’s age. The younger the better! Overall, 70-80% of women under the age of 40 should expect a successful outcome.
What influences the success of treatment?
The most important factor is a woman’s age. As her age increases, especially after 40, fecundity decreases and her chances of conceiving are diminished. Of course, if her partner also has infertility problems, such as a low sperm count, the probability of infertility also increases.
Can painful periods cause infertility?
No. However, many women with painful periods and pain with intercourse might harbor endometriosis, which is indeed associated with infertility. Therefore, an evaluation is warranted in these cases.
What are the health risks for women?
Another one of the in vitro fertilization frequently asked questions is a woman’s health risks. Although the procedure itself isn’t dangerous, the drugs used to treat infertility can have side effects. Regular monitoring of follicular growth in ovulation induction will determine whether the treatment is successful, and will also prevent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and reduce the risk of a multiple pregnancy.
Are there health risks for kids born with infertility treatment?
Of all of the in vitro fertilization frequently asked questions we get from hopeful parents, the health of their children is often at the top of the list. There are conflicting reports that suggest a slight increase in the congenital anomalies with IVF. The risks are minimal but the benefits are breathtaking!
We know there’s more to the question of, “What is in vitro fertilization?” It’s a complicated issue and you should speak with an expert before making any decisions. If you want to learn more about in vitro fertilization, browse our website or for specific questions, simply contact us!