Why Undergo an HSG?
If you have difficulty conceiving or have experienced pregnancy losses, your doctor may order an HSG to diagnose infertility causes. Uterine abnormalities that can be diagnosed with an HSG include:
An HSG is a quick procedure that provides important information on your reproductive organs and has minimal side effects and little risk for complications.
What Is Involved in an HSG?
Undergoing an HSG is very similar to a standard pelvic exam. You will put on a hospital gown and lie back. Next, a radiologist will insert a speculum into your vagina canal. The cervix is then cleaned, and you may receive a local anesthetic at the cervix to minimize discomfort. A long, thin medical instrument called a cannula is then inserted into the cervix and the speculum is taken out. Dye is injected via the cannula, and enters the uterus and fallopian tubes. Patients occasionally report minor pain or cramping as the dye moves into the fallopian tubes.
You will then be placed under an x-ray machine. You may need to change positions a few times so that images can be taken at a variety of angles. When the x-rays are complete, the radiologist will remove the cannula.
What Happens after an HSG?
Patients may experience cramps and abdominal discomfort similar to a menstrual cycle. Vaginal discharge or minor vaginal bleeding are other common side effects. Following an HSG, patients should use a sanitary pad rather a tampon to control bleeding. Less commonly, women also report feeling dizzy or nauseous.
These normal side effects quickly resolve and are no cause for alarm. You should be on the lookout for infection and notify your doctor if you experience:
Your HSG results will be sent to Dr. Sahakian, and you will review the results together. Depending on the outcome, you may need additional testing, or a fertility treatment plan may be created.
Book Your Appointment Today
To make your appointment for an HSG, call our office nearest you. You may also leave us an online message.